Element Symbol Value Epoch to 05:54:21.171 UTC December 16, 2007 Inclination i 51o.9970 R.A. of the Ascending Node aW0 251o.0219 Eccentricity e 0.0001492 Argument of Perigee w0 33o.8641 Mean Anomaly at TLE Epoch Mo 326o.2322 Mean Motion n 12.62256095 orbits / solar day Propagation Time Dt 1.7677141 solar days Mean Anomaly at Time t M(t) 1.37777389 radians (78o.940629) True Anomaly at Time t n(t) 78o.95065818 Semi-major Axis a 7791.787473 km Perigee Distance P 7790.624938 km Geocentric Distance r(t) 7791.564499 km Precessed R.A. of Asc. Node aW(t) 245o.6400244 Precessed Arg. of Perigee w(t) 37o.77767416 Argument of Latitude m(t) 116o.7283323 R.A. Difference Da 129o.278845 Geocentric R.A. ag 14o.9188694 Geocentric Declination dg +44o.73125163 Geocentric Cartesian x xg 5348.663965 km Geocentric Cartesian y yg 1425.05581 km Geocentric Cartesian z zg 5483.565179 km

Because satellites are much closer than most celestial objects astronomers observe, they will be seen in different parts of the sky from difference vantage points on the surface of the Earth. To predict where a satellite will be observed in your night sky, your observing location on the Earth must be known.

The observing location of the GlobalStar M047 satellite at time t0 was Brockville, Ontario Canada at the following coordinates:

Longitude = q = -75o.6883 (West is Negative)
Latitude =
l = +44o.5903 (North is Positive)

The Longitude and Latitude of a location on the Earth are in a convention called "Earth Center Fixed" (ECF). This indicates that no matter where you are on the Earth as it rotates, your longitude and latitude coordinates remain fixed. This is very convenient for locating objects on the Earth, but not convenient for locating objects in space. In order to perform the coordinate translation, we must transform the observer's longitude and latitude to the "Earth Center Inertial" (ECI); the convention used by the Equatorial Coordinate System.

Fortunately, the ECI Latitude of a location on the Earth is nearly the same as its ECF Latitude. In other words, the observer's Latitude on the Earth is nearly the same as the Declination of the same location as viewed from the center of the Earth. For this example, we will treat them as equal:

di = l

di = +44o.5903

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 SITE MAP Step 11: Choosing a Location Was Last Modified On April 01, 2014